現在全球擁有赤字的政府                         

(根本就是所有的國家)

唯一的出路就是縮衣節食。

希臘被列強逼迫要在國內祭出

「拮据的財政方案」

嚴重影響原本既得利益者與受益者的福利

(公家薪俸水準、退休金發放額、醫療健保給付、

地方補助津貼、教育補助等等)

所以才會釀成民眾暴力抗爭的行為。

雖然Fred同情依賴政府、相信政府的民眾,

但是希臘政府這麼做是對的。

長痛不如短痛,

幾年的衰退若能再次換得經濟奇蹟、

錢淹腳目的機會也應該是值得的。

 

美國看到希臘政府被列強如此強逼,

好像有點警覺了;

不知道屆時台灣政府出手

會採取什麼樣的手段?

 

國會停發州政府補助金

預算不足的加州再缺20億美元

Congress pulls back state aid package,

leaving a $2-billion hole in California budget

n  國會仍然會對缺乏現金的州政府痛下殺手,
並且警告未來可能會刪減健州政府的
保醫療與社會福利補助金。

n  加州預算長珍‧羅斯說:「這產生了極大的問題。
雖然赤字問題造成華府決策上的恐懼,但是這麼做
將會嚴重傷害社會,並加速發生經濟大蕭條的狀況。」

n  刪減的這筆預算將會影響加州44萬年老殘疾民眾,
以及許多住宅貸款補助戶原本所享有的權益。

House Democrats kill a $24-billion fund to help cash-strapped states cover costs. States are lobbying hard to have it restored, warning of further devastating cuts to healthcare and social services.  

By Richard Simon and Evan Halper, Los Angeles Times

June 3, 2010

Reporting from Washington and Sacramento —

With the federal deficit a growing political liability, lawmakers in Congress are backing off plans to send more aid to financially strapped states, putting in jeopardy billions of dollars that California and others were counting on to balance their budgets.

The potential loss of funds is a significant setback for Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger and state lawmakers, who may not see nearly $2 billion in federal assistance that they intended to use to help bring California out of the red.

The money was to be California's share of $24 billion in proposed assistance, mostly to cover healthcare spending, spread among all states. Budget experts say that is enough to wipe out about one-fourth of the combined state budget shortfalls.

» Don't miss a thing. Get breaking news alerts delivered to your inbox.


In California and elsewhere, officials thought the funds were a sure thing. The money was one of the few elements of Schwarzenegger's budget plan on which there was bipartisan agreement. But House Democratic leaders last week stripped the money out of legislation amid election-season jitters.

"This is a serious problem," said Jean Ross, executive director of the California Budget Project, a Sacramento-based nonprofit. "The fear of deficits seems to be overtaking Washington. They are not realizing the bigger threat is the economy could slide back into recession as a result of state and local budget cuts."

In California, the governor has already proposed eliminating the state's welfare program, cancelling state-subsidized day care for hundreds of thousands of low-income children, freezing school spending and making a number of other deep cuts to close a $19.1-billion budget gap.
dget gap.

By May, he acknowledged that was unlikely but suggested the state could safely assume it would receive half that amount. Now the state is facing the prospect of getting barely more than $1 billion.

Among those resisting the governor's push for more assistance are his fellow Republicans in the state's Congressional delegation, who say Washington has its own budget problems.

While the loss of Medicaid funds would hit California hard, the House bill does include provisions that would benefit the state.

Among them is an extension of the Build America Bond program that has been used in California to fund infrastructure projects. There is also $400 million in increased Medicare payments to doctors in a wide swath of the state to address longstanding complaints that low reimbursement rates have discouraged them from taking on new patients.

原文(全)連結:

http://www.latimes.com/news/health/healthcare/la-me-state-budget-20100603,0,332355.story 

 


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  • 時報
  • 美國部份地區稅收嚴重短缺,瀕臨破產,竟打算解散該市警隊,並且遣散所有公務人員

    2011年6月前,美各州赤字上飆估達1120億美元
    .

    來源:時報 2010/06/29


    根據金融時報的報導指出,美國各州即將進入新的財政年度,然而其中多數州政府的預算都呈現捉襟見肘的狀態。由於經濟衰退以來美國稅收銳減,全美各州政府明年6月前合計赤字預估將達到1,120億美元,迫使各州政府大力削減支出,而將公務外包,使得地方政府對民間外包服務業的依賴日益加重。



    美國第一大州加州是預算赤字最嚴重的一州,其財務黑洞已達190億美元。加州內部近來因進行一系列引發諸多爭議的刪減措施,加上適逢選舉,輿論幾近沸騰。



    部分地方政府在無計可施下,甚至對基層警力及學校建設等預算開鍘,或裁撤次級單位,許多社會計畫也都被迫面臨擱置的窘境。加州南部一座小型城市梅塢市(Maywood)就因稅收嚴重短缺,瀕臨破產,竟打算解散該市警隊,並且遣散所有公務人員。



    加州公共政策研究所(Public Policy Institute of California)所長貝達賽爾(Mark Baldassare)指出,梅塢市的情形可能不是個案。許多地方政府在預算上處處受制,既無法增稅,社福成本又節節高漲,「連打平收支都相當困難」。



    由於預算刪減、人員裁撤,美國各地政府也越來越仰賴民間外包業者。加州市政外包協會(the California Contract Cities Association)工作人員奧立維多(Sam Olivito)就表示,該協會已成為社會運作的重要一環。



    根據奧立維多指出,加州市級政府的收入來源如銷售稅等,已驟降達40%,因此不得不設法開闢財源以渡過難關,例如開放大麻合法化,以及引進數位汽車牌照,後者還有置入行動廣告的功能。



    奧立維多表示,地方政府工作委外的情形目前大量成長,該會近來大約有10到12個城市同時委託外包。