Spain sees credit squeeze,
denies EU rescue bid
Mon Jun 14, 2010 5:02pm EDT
Merkel says EU rescue mechanism there if Spain needs it
* Moody's downgrades Greek debt to junk
* U.S. markets take Greek downgrade in stride
* Merkel and Sarkozy agree on new euro zone rules (Recasts lead, adds U.S. stock market close)
By Andreas Rinke and Nigel Davies
BERLIN/SANTANDER, Spain, June 14 (Reuters) - Spain admitted on Monday that the European financial crisis is taking a toll on the country's banks, with foreign banks refusing to lend to some, while Germany said the EU stands ready to help if Madrid needs a Greek-style rescue.
Highlighting persistent doubts about Greece's ability to repay its debt mountain despite last month's 110 billion euro multilateral bailout, credit ratings agency Moody's slashed Greek sovereign debt by four notches to junk status.
Moody's, in a statement explaining the unusually steep cut, cited the "macroeconomic and implementation risks" in Athens' draconian austerity program agreed with its 15 euro-zone partners and the International Monetary Fund.
However, investors took the Greece downgrade mostly in stride, with safe haven U.S. Treasuries paring some losses and stocks ending only modestly lower.
The Dow Jones industrial average .DJI closed down 0.20 percent at 10,190.89 points, reversing earlier gains of about 1 percent. Global investors are looking beyond Greece and worry more about sizeable, highly indebted European countries such as Spain, analysts said.
Spanish Treasury Secretary Carlos Ocana admitted officially for the first time that some Spanish banks faced a liquidity freeze in the interbank market and said the government was working to restore confidence.
"It's definitely a problem," Ocana told a conference of business leaders in the northern town of Santander when asked about the credit squeeze. He said Madrid was not negotiating any financial aid package.
"Spain does not need additional financing from any international institution. The rumour is false and I deny it."
In Berlin, German Chancellor Angela Merkel was asked after talks with French President Nicolas Sarkozy about media reports that Madrid could seek aid from a new 750 billion euro European Financial Stability Facility as early as this week.
"If there should be problems -- and we shouldn't talk them up -- the mechanism can be activated at any time," Merkel said. "Spain and any other country knows that they can make use of this mechanism if necessary."
The fourth largest economy in the euro area, Spain needs to refinance 16.2 billion euros of bonds in July. It has been able to borrow on the markets but at a rising premium, paying an average 3.317 percent to sell three-year bonds last Thursday.
Banking sources said last week the liquidity freeze was affecting savings banks and small banks but not the country's biggest financial institutions.
RESCUE TALKS DENIED
The German Finance Ministry and the European Commission denied a report in the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung that EU states would hold talks on aiding Spain in Brussels this week.
Spanish banks have been under pressure since the Bank of Spain stepped in last month to take over CajaSur, a small, 146-year-old lender controlled by the Catholic Church, highlighting the precarious position of other savings banks.
The chairman of Spain's second-largest bank, BBVA, said the country's top task was to restore market confidence through a mixture of deficit cutting, structural reforms and recapitalising and slimming down its financial sector.
"We need a solvent and stable financial system, a substantial reduction in the installed capacity in the sector and a sufficient injection of funds," BBVA Chairman Francisco Gonzalez told the same conference, adding that Spanish banking faced a "difficult and uncertain future."
In the latest of a wave of structural reforms designed to adapt strained public finances to long-term challenges and make euro zone economies more competitive, France is set to announce an overhaul of its pension system and Spain a shake-up of its labor market, both Wednesday.
European governments are taking advantage of the sense of urgency instilled by last month's $1 trillion financial backstop for the euro zone and, critics say, of voters' distraction by the soccer World Cup, to push through unpopular measures.